Photoionization in Astrochemistry – Definition & Detailed Explanation – Astrochemistry Glossary

I. What is Photoionization? Photoionization is a process in which an atom or molecule absorbs a photon of sufficient energy to remove an electron, resulting in the formation of a positively charged ion. This phenomenon plays a crucial role in various fields of science, including chemistry, physics, and astronomy. In the context of astrochemistry, photoionization … Read more

Vacuum Fluctuation – Definition & Detailed Explanation – Astronomical Units & Measurements Glossary

I. What are Vacuum Fluctuations? Vacuum fluctuations, also known as quantum fluctuations, are temporary changes in the energy of a vacuum at the quantum level. Contrary to what the term might suggest, a vacuum in physics does not refer to empty space but rather to the lowest possible energy state of a system. In quantum … Read more

Siloam Springs Observatory – Definition & Detailed Explanation – Telescopes & Observatories Glossary

I. What is Siloam Springs Observatory? Siloam Springs Observatory is a research facility located in Siloam Springs, Arkansas. It is operated by the University of Arkansas and serves as a hub for astronomical research and education in the region. The observatory is equipped with state-of-the-art telescopes and instruments that allow researchers to study celestial objects … Read more

Eddington Luminosity – Definition & Detailed Explanation – Astrophysics Glossary

I. What is Eddington Luminosity? Eddington Luminosity is a concept in astrophysics that refers to the maximum luminosity that a star can achieve when the outward radiation pressure balances the inward gravitational force. It is named after the British astrophysicist Sir Arthur Eddington, who first proposed this concept in the early 20th century. Eddington Luminosity … Read more

Low Earth Orbit (LEO) – Definition & Detailed Explanation – Rocketry & Propulsion Glossary

What is Low Earth Orbit (LEO)? Low Earth Orbit (LEO) is a specific region of space that is relatively close to Earth, typically ranging from 160 kilometers (100 miles) to 2,000 kilometers (1,200 miles) above the Earth’s surface. Satellites placed in LEO orbit the Earth at high speeds, completing an orbit in approximately 90 minutes. … Read more

Planetary Topography – Definition & Detailed Explanation – Planetary Science Glossary

I. What is Planetary Topography? Planetary topography refers to the physical features of a planet’s surface, including its elevation, terrain, and landforms. It provides valuable information about the planet’s geological history, processes, and evolution. Topography can vary greatly from planet to planet, with some having smooth, flat surfaces while others are characterized by rugged mountains, … Read more

Exoplanetary Discovery Methods – Definition & Detailed Explanation – Planetary Science Glossary

I. What are exoplanets? Exoplanets, also known as extrasolar planets, are planets that orbit stars outside of our solar system. These planets can vary in size, composition, and distance from their host star. The discovery of exoplanets has revolutionized our understanding of the universe and has raised questions about the potential for life beyond Earth. … Read more

Flight Termination System – Definition & Detailed Explanation – Rocketry & Propulsion Glossary

I. What is a Flight Termination System? A Flight Termination System (FTS) is a safety mechanism used in the aerospace industry to remotely terminate the flight of an aircraft or missile in the event of an emergency or malfunction. This system is designed to ensure the safety of personnel on the ground and protect sensitive … Read more